How to Hire Remote Developers

How to Hire Remote Developers

It’s expensive to hire full-time developers. You want to get the most bang for your buck, so you should consider using remote developers. This way, you can keep costs low and still get the quality you need.

In this post, we’ll show you how to find the right remote developer for you and how you can manage them effectively. So, if you’re having trouble hiring developer, read on!

How to find the right remote developer

Below are some things you should consider if you are trying to find the right remote developer for your company:

Start by determining your needs

When finding the right remote developers for your company, the first thing you should do is to determine and define your needs. Analyze why you need to hire remote developers and what you intend to achieve or gain.

You can determine your specific needs and how a remote developer will help you meet them.

For example, if you are looking to gain financial benefits from working with remote developers, you must map out how you can benefit financially from the move. All the information you gather at this point will help you make the right decision.

It will also help you determine the characteristics or qualities you should be looking for in the right remote developers. This way, you can make a decision that will benefit your business the most.

Determine the best place to look for a remote developer

Something else you must do when finding the best remote developer is to find the best source. Below are some places you can find remote developers;

  • Conventional outsourcing- The best and easiest place to find a remote developer to hire is via conventional outsourcing. The market features many outsourcing and software development companies that partner with businesses in various markets. The best outsourcing agencies offer both backend and frontend developers.
  • Sourcing freelancers- In addition to using outsourcing agencies, you can also find remote developers by sourcing freelancers. You can find them from freelance networks on the internet. The trick is to ensure that you choose high-quality freelancers.
  • Hiring from remote contracting sites- You can also find remote developers from contracting sites, also known as job boards. All you have to do is find a remote contracting site and choose the best experienced remote developer.

When choosing the best place to source your remote developer, you must consider elements like the trustworthiness or reputation of the source, the quality of the remote developers, and success rates. It would also be wise to take time before sticking to one source or bringing in a remote developer.

Consider the skills of the remote developers

In addition to finding a remote developer with ample developing skills and experience, you must also consider one with the following skills:

  • Communication- The remote developer, should also have good communication skills. Therefore, when interviewing your potential remote developers, you must evaluate how they express themselves, how eloquent they are, and their writing skills. These skills will come in handy when working in teams.
  • Autonomy- The remote developers should also be autonomous. This is because you cannot supervise them constantly. They need self-motivation and determination to complete their tasks without constant supervision.
  • Team playing- An excellent remote developer should also be a good team player. The ability to work well with others will come in handy for your company. It will also save you a lot of money.
  • Trustworthy- Another incredible quality of a remote developer is trustworthiness.

How to Manage Your Remote Developers

One of the vital challenges of working with remote developers is finding a way to manage them. Below are some tips to help you manage your remote developers:

  • Develop a manifesto for cooperation to set a tone for cooperation from the start of your working relationship with your remote developers
  • Define your work procedure. Ensuring that your work procedure is carefully defined will help ensure that everything is clear and the team knows what is expected of you. In your work procedure, you must also elaborate at length on what you wish to achieve from the project. Outlining a clear vision will come in handy.
  • Work on effective communication by holding meetings and conferences
  • Encourage employees to build rapport between each other and their managers
  • Use collaboration or team management tools like Slack, Team Viewer, Skype, and all other tools that the market has to offer

Final Word

It would be wise to hire remote developers you can trust. This is because you will not have access to the developers round-the-clock. It would also help to hire passionate employees. You can do this by conducting background checks and comprehensive interviews.

Working with remote developers does not have to be challenging. All you have to do is find the right tools for managing the remote developers and keep your goals in check.

The basics of testing web applications

Testing web applications is the process of checking yours or another person’s web application or website for potential threats and vulnerabilities before it’s made live on the web. 

The testing process is one of the most important aspects of app development however the majority of developers actually underestimate the value of performing it.

Through ego that their code is elite and superior? Who knows. 

What we do know is that when a bug does appear it could be costly to fix depending on the severity, however with the usage of proper website testing risks of bugs can be mitigated. A basic rule of thumb is if the application testing goes smoothly, the app is ready to go live. 

So what are the basics of performing a web application test? Well we’re going to show you.

Step 1: Testing the Functionality

One of the first steps that needs to be conducted is the testing of functionality. These types of tests consist of checking database connections, that all links on the web page work, that cookies and forms are used and getting the correct info and so on.

This should be done early in the dev stage in order to speed up the entire app building process, doing so reduces the risks that may arise near the end of the process.

Step 2: Usability Testing

Usability testing is best carried out using external testers in a real-life way that you would expect your user base to. Sometimes these are also performed internally by the development team.

Usability testing can be broken down to 4 stages. The development of the testing strategy in a way that all app features/functions are examined including the navigation and content. Through recruiting the internal or external test participants, running the test with the team of experts and finally analyzing results and improving your app accordingly.

Step 3: Interface Testing

This web page test determines whether or not the app server and web server’s interactions are smooth. Not only must the contact mechanism be checked, but so must the display of error messages. This test is often used to assess if server and/or user interruptions are treated properly.

Step 4: Compatibility Testing

The browser compatibility test must be performed by the developers to ensure that the software displays correctly in different browsers. Another test to perform is mobile device compatibility, which is intended to ensure that the software shows correctly across mobile devices. 

Certain app elements are displayed differently on various operating systems. This is why it is critical to run compatibility tests with as many operating systems as possible, especially the most common ones like Windows, Mac, and Linux, as well as with various popular browsers like Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, and Firefox.

Step 5: Performance Testing

If you’ve determined that your software is stable and sensitive, you can test its output under heavy load. Performance testing entails testing at various internet speeds as well as at regular and peak loads.

Stress testing is useful for determining the app’s breaking point; it includes subjecting the app to increasing levels of stress until it ceases working. After all, you need to find the breaking point of your app before the users do.

Step 6: Security Testing

If the web application has been developed, it must be checked for protection. This method of testing entails a variety of processes aimed at identifying the app’s weak points and improving them as much as possible.

Best Free Penetration Testing Tools to Improve Your Skills Today

Best Free Penetration Testing Tools to Improve Your Skills Today

Today’s article here at Hackfile is going to delve into the free penetration testing tools available for anyone to check out right now. 

Most people associate penetration testing and even cybersecurity practice in general consists of extremely expensive tools.

Well they’re wrong.

In fact, some of the most effective tools used within the cybersecurity industry are freeware and not only that, they are also commonly used by professional consultancy, private industries and even within government security. 

So, without any further introduction, Hackfile presents the 3 best free penetration testing tools.

For scanning: Nmap

When it comes to the beginning of a security assessment, the use of nmap is the favoured choice for beginners, however Nessus is also an option used by others, but for this article we will be discussing Nmap. 

Nmap is such a simple, yet very well-reviewed and powerful scanning tool that even highly respected security professionals still use. Nmap, and it’s Zenmap GUI are both free and readily available for multiple platforms that are even capable of running perfectly on low-power systems.

All round: The Metasploit Framework

The Metasploit framework is a widely renowned, powerful tool that provides exploit information for more operating systems and applications that the vast majority of analysts wouldn’t even know what to do with. 

Metaploit can also be used by criminals to probe any vulnerabilities present on a given network or server. The fact that it is an open-source framework means that anyone can customise it to be used with almost any system available.

Pen testing teams can make use of ready-made code, or custom code it themselves and introduce it into a network in order to probe for weak spots in the infrastructure. Once a flaw is identified and documented, all gathered intelligence can be used to address the issues.

For Network Scanning: Wireshark

Wireshark is a network sniffing tool which intercepts traffic and converts it into a format humans are capable of interpreting, this feature alone makes it extremely easy to identify the traffic crossing through your network and with much more insight than any other tool.

Wireshark is widely used and highly regarded by a lot of industry professionals. It supports more than two thousand network protocols and most modern cybersecurity professionals will be capable of analyzing IP packets.

Another advantage to wireshark is that its tools allow users to filter traffic, with the ability to set up capture filters to collect only the traffic type of interest and display filters can allow for a user to zoom in on traffic for further inspection.

To conclude

These are just a few of the free penetration testing tools available for pen testers or anyone who is curious about learning the arts of ethical hacking. There are more resources readily available online but these are a good starting point for any beginner.

Top 3 Quality Penetration Testing Books That Are Relevant in 2021

Top 3 Quality Penetration Testing Books That Are Relevant in 2021

In today’s post, we’re going to be talking about the best penetration testing books available that even beginners can read and gain some knowledge from. The books we’re talking about today will focus on exposing you to the practical aspects of hacking as well as introduce you to the fundamental theories and concepts of ethical hacking which can be built on. 

All of the books we’re going to be speaking about today were written and recommended by people considered to be industry experts when it comes to ethical hacking and we believe you’re going to truly enjoy all of the reads we cover in this article.

The Web Application Hacker’s Handbook: Finding and Exploiting Security Flaws

the web application hackers handbook

The first book to discuss today is The Web Application Hacker’s Handbook. This fantastic book is a web-app focused on teaching people to ethically hack, and is considered a must-read for anyone starting out with penetration testing, especially web application pen testing.

This book teaches readers step-by-step the methods of how to test the security of web application and it covers it so in-depth you literally learn the processes from start to finish. This is by far one of our favourite books about hacking.

This book teaches the basics of web application pen testing such as what and how HTTP protocols work for users to gain a better insight into how the communication between a web server and its visitor works, this gives readers knowledge of how to attack and how to prevent being attacked.

This book is a no brainer for anyone interested in web application penetration testing. You can find this book on Amazon

Advanced Penetration Testing: Hacking the World’s Most Secure Networks

The next book on our list is one that takes users beyond the use of metasploit and deeper than learning to use Kali Linux. This book will provide you with a deeper understanding of advanced penetration testing specifically for networks that require high-security.

advanced penetration testing

This specific book may not be the first one that beginners should consider reading with how advanced some of the material actually is, however it puts everything you read about pen-testing into the right perspective. 

The author covers complex situations found in an attack simulation and mentions APT (advanced persistent threat) modelling which covers techniques that are far more advanced than simple tools available on hacking frameworks

You can find subjects such as high-security networks, malware, adopting C2 servers and C&C structures, social engineering and more advanced techniques. So if you’re looking to take your skills to an entirely new level, look no further than Advanced Penetration Testing: Hacking the World’s Most Secure Networks. Get this book on GoodReads

Hacking: The Art of Exploitation

Finally, Hacking: The Art of Exploitation is an absolute classic for people within the ethical hacking industry to read, it’s so renowned it even has a more up-to-date edition released! 

hacking the art of exploitation

This book about hacking covers absolutely everything an ethical hacker needs to know and projects the information in such a way that anyone, even with no prior knowledge, can understand. 

This book is also available with a CD that users can test out their skills with, which has a Linux programming and debugging environment on it that doesn’t mean having to alter your operating system, almost a plug-and-go solution.

This book differs from every other on this list as rather than simply telling you how to perform exploit scanning, it also teaches you exactly how they work and how someone can go about creating their own.

Readers have the ability to put into practice the methods as they read, and follow along with the examples provided in the book from debugging code, to hijacking network communications and inventing brand-new exploits. Buy this book on Amazon

In conclusion

There are plenty of online resources available which you can find at your fingertips, however most don’t know where to begin. We personally believe that these 3 books will brush up your knowledge and skills enough to be a competent pen tester and have real-world benefits to them.

Penetration testing methodologies Explained

Penetration testing methodologies Explained

Today our crazy team here at HackFile are going to be discussing more in-depth about cyber security practices and theory. 

In this instance, we are going to be moving onto the topic of penetration testing methodology and by the end of this post readers should have a bit more of an understanding of the different methodologies involved in pen testing.

OSSTMM

The Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual is perhaps one of the most recognized standards within the whole industry. It’s primary focus is to provide a scientific methodology specifically for network pen testers. 

The OSSTMM framework contains an in-depth guide for testers to pinpoint security flaws within networks and its various components, from various angles of potential attack. Testers have the ability to customise their assessments in-line with specific needs of companies they are working with. 

This set of standards can help testers obtain accurate overview information of specific networks cybersecurity measures and provide reliable solutions which are adapted to help stakeholders make informed decisions regarding network security.

OWASP

Anyone who works regularly with penetration testing will be more than aware of the OWASP methodology. This practice is another of the most recognised within the cybersecurity industry and for good reason, too. This methodology is super-charged through a very informative community who keep regularly updated on the latest technologies and help countless organisations to cull vulnerabilities. 

The OWASP framework provides a methodology for app pen testing that doesn’t just identify vulnerabilities but also complex logical irregularities that stem from poor development practices. With over 66 controls to assess in total, allowing testers to identify vulnerabilities within a wide variety of functionalities found in modern applications today.

NIST

In comparison to other available security manuals, NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) offers a much more specific set of guidelines that penetration testers have to follow by in the form of a manual that is best suited for improving overall security of businesses. The most up-to-date version places weight on CIC (critical infrastructure cybersecurity) and more often than not, complying with the NIST framework is often a regulatory requirement within many different organisations within the US.

Through using NIST, pen testers can guarantee information security within different industries, from banking and communications to energy suppliers and both small and large companies can make use of this framework for their specific needs.

Stakeholders from different sectors collaborate to popularize the Cybersecurity Framework and encourage firms to implement it. With exceptional standards and technology, NIST significantly contributes to cybersecurity innovation in a host of American industries.

To conclude

Both threats to networks and organisations and the technology used to perform it are evolving exponentially and targets can be any industry nowadays. These companies need to improve their cybersecurity efforts and their pen testing approaches to ensure that they stay up-to-date. These pen testing standards provide a comprehensive and excellent benchmark for companies to assess and rectify any security issues.

Penetration Testing Simplified: Step-by-Step Penetration Testing Process

Penetration Testing Simplified: Step-by-Step Penetration Testing Process

Another entry into our penetration testing series, today we’re going to be covering the penetration testing steps and phases your pen test should cover. The key to a strong penetration test is a reliable methodology that is comprehensive but also not completely automated.

For a methodology to be comprehensive, it should cover all of the phases documented here:

  1. Project Scope
  2. Recon
  3. Assessing of Vulnerabilities
  4. Pen Test
  5. Lateral movement
  6. Artifact Collection/Destruction
  7. Reporting/Debriefing 

You’ll find most good penetration testing services include targeted recon and enumeration with the incorporation of automated tools which scan and detect vulnerabilities automatically, while digging further into the network using manual verification and validation.

Some business processes can be disrupted during the penetration testing phases, which is why the use of custom and even some automated scripts can minimise business process disruption while also gathering much more in-depth data about the target system.

1. Project Scope – Assessing the rules 

Usually situated within a Statement of Work issued by the testing vendor is the project scope. This scope more often than not covers the testing methodology being used, and once any vulnerabilities are identified there will also be an exploitation-depth included. 

Pen testing is considered to be a ‘white-hat’ process, which is the term given to attackers playing by predetermined rules of engagement which are laid out during the project scope and the engagement itself shouldn’t account for any disruption within business operations.

Since the intruder, an ethical testing expert in this case, may obtain insight and knowledge vital to the organisation, before starting the pen test process, a non-disclosure agreement must be signed by all parties.

Food for thought as to things which should be considered within the agreement:

  • Allowing the conduction of testing during non-peak business hours wherever possible
  • Whether or not testers can change data which is in production servers
  • Whether or not the tester has permission to impersonate an authoritative figure within the business.

2. Recon – Gathering data pre-attack

During this next step, the tester will use multiple sources to obtain as much information as possible about the target, including operational analysis, threat intelligence generation, and appealing network services enumeration. A skilled penetration tester can gather publicly accessible information, called open-source intelligence, as well as general information about enterprise-provided systems that may also be publicly available.

Without the need to ask company staff, web crawlers and internet statistical collection systems provide useful knowledge about targets. For starters, there are many online resources to disclose full information about the operating system, web server applications, scripts, and more, whether a web application is part of the aim or testing scope.

3. Assessing of Vulnerabilities – The process of discovering potential vulnerabilities

This phase of the engagement goes deep to identify the vulnerabilities on the target network. The penetration tester will send probes to the target network, collect preliminary information, and then use the feedback to probe for more input and to discover additional details.

The outcome from this phase can contain the following

  • Directory structure on a specific server
  • Open authentication access to some FTP web servers
  • Available SMTP access points providing architectural details about the network through error messages
  • Remote-code execution possibilities
  • Cross-site scripting vulnerabilities
  • Internal code-signing certificates that could be used to sign new scripts and inject them into the network

4. Pen Test– Exploiting identified vulnerabilities

The next step is to infiltrate networks in the targeted network once a threat model and attack strategy have been established based on the discovered vulnerabilities. There is no assurance that any loophole found would be exploited; there may be a protected network, a DMZ, a firewall, a browser, a router, or an obsolete network device that exists outside of the test spectrum.

In order to achieve access to the target device, the professional penetration tester will concentrate on bugs that can be abused. The tester is also focusing on gathering more in-depth data around the target network during this process.

5. Lateral Movement – Maintain access while gaining further access

Once the tester receives access to a device, agents who hold access to the system will be injected. And if the system is rebooted, reset, or updated by network administrators, retaining effective access ensures these agents remain in the system and retain their access for a period of time.

6. Artifact Collection/Destruction – Gather up any data left over from testing

The phase following exploitation and maintained access ensures that after gathering data for the testing report, every exploited system is cleaned. Cleaning eliminates all agents, scripts, executable binaries and temporary files that are expected, etc.

The clean-up process should ensure that all the backdoors or rootkits installed have been removed and the configuration of the system should be returned to its original, pre-engagement state. Any changed credentials should be restored, and any additional created usernames should be removed.

7. Reporting/Debriefing – Report the results of the test

The seller then submits a consumer survey; this report is the instrument that better expresses the findings of your pen evaluation, and the report addresses two distinct groups: corporate leaders and technical teams.

The pen test report should begin with an executive summary outlining in business terms your penetration test plan, defining outcomes by risk ranking. This section could be short, because it may be the most critical piece that the consumer uses to make decisions: what to fix can be determined by the business staff, and which concerns pose an appropriate amount of risk.

The second section of the study consists of technical information, which should be descriptive and precise, and which should avoid generic or abstract claims. This section of the study will be used by the engineering staff to take measures and address security vulnerabilities found during the penetration test.

Optional Step: Test Again

Once vulnerabilities have been remediated, the client can decide whether to retest their systems, ensuring that fixes were successful and determining whether any new vulnerabilities were created as a result of remediation.

Successful, comprehensive pen tests should generate clear, understandable, and actionable results to business leaders, as well as provide a clear understanding to the enterprise technical teams about the security risks on their targeted systems.