Today our crazy team here at HackFile are going to be discussing more in-depth about cyber security practices and theory. 

In this instance, we are going to be moving onto the topic of penetration testing methodology and by the end of this post readers should have a bit more of an understanding of the different methodologies involved in pen testing.

OSSTMM

The Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual is perhaps one of the most recognized standards within the whole industry. It’s primary focus is to provide a scientific methodology specifically for network pen testers. 

The OSSTMM framework contains an in-depth guide for testers to pinpoint security flaws within networks and its various components, from various angles of potential attack. Testers have the ability to customise their assessments in-line with specific needs of companies they are working with. 

This set of standards can help testers obtain accurate overview information of specific networks cybersecurity measures and provide reliable solutions which are adapted to help stakeholders make informed decisions regarding network security.

OWASP

Anyone who works regularly with penetration testing will be more than aware of the OWASP methodology. This practice is another of the most recognised within the cybersecurity industry and for good reason, too. This methodology is super-charged through a very informative community who keep regularly updated on the latest technologies and help countless organisations to cull vulnerabilities. 

The OWASP framework provides a methodology for app pen testing that doesn’t just identify vulnerabilities but also complex logical irregularities that stem from poor development practices. With over 66 controls to assess in total, allowing testers to identify vulnerabilities within a wide variety of functionalities found in modern applications today.

NIST

In comparison to other available security manuals, NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) offers a much more specific set of guidelines that penetration testers have to follow by in the form of a manual that is best suited for improving overall security of businesses. The most up-to-date version places weight on CIC (critical infrastructure cybersecurity) and more often than not, complying with the NIST framework is often a regulatory requirement within many different organisations within the US.

Through using NIST, pen testers can guarantee information security within different industries, from banking and communications to energy suppliers and both small and large companies can make use of this framework for their specific needs.

Stakeholders from different sectors collaborate to popularize the Cybersecurity Framework and encourage firms to implement it. With exceptional standards and technology, NIST significantly contributes to cybersecurity innovation in a host of American industries.

To conclude

Both threats to networks and organisations and the technology used to perform it are evolving exponentially and targets can be any industry nowadays. These companies need to improve their cybersecurity efforts and their pen testing approaches to ensure that they stay up-to-date. These pen testing standards provide a comprehensive and excellent benchmark for companies to assess and rectify any security issues.